I'm Crying for Help. I'm Being Cyberbullied - Create-A-Lase

U sklopu projekta "NEnasilje" kojim nastojimo  povećati kod mladih osjećaj važnosti vršnjačke pomoći i suradnje u cilju prevencije vršnjačkog i općenito nasilja među mladima, razviti osjećaj međusobnog poštovanja, empatije te uvažavanja međusobnih različitosti- donosimo vam seriju članaka počevši sa cyberbullyingom kao trenutno najraširenijim oblikom nasilja među djecom i mladima.  

Virtualno zlostavljanje ili cyberbullying je svaka komunikacijska aktivnost koja uključuje slanje, objavljivanje ili dijeljenje negativnih, štetnih ili zlonamjernih sadržaja o nekom drugom preko digitalnih uređaja. U današnje vrijeme predstavlja veliki izazov, kako u poslovnom okruženju tako i u privatnom. Uz konstantni razvoj društvenih mreža nastaje sve više prilika za uznemiravanje, poticanje mržnje, širenje nasilnih i uvredljivih komentara. Virtualni prostor ponekad otežava pronalazak odgovornih ljudi za bullying, što predstavlja jedan od najvećih izazova. Cilj cyberbullyinga je povrijediti, uznemiriti ili na neki drugi način naštetiti nekoj konkretnoj osobi ali ponekad prelazi u nezakonito i kriminalno ponašanje. Sadržaj objava takve prirode može ostaviti neizbrisivi digitalni trag koji postaje dostupan svima.

Osnovne i srednje škole su i dalje primarni izvori ovakve vrste nasilja. Stoga, nakon roditelja, i djelatnici škola imaju veliku odgovornost. Ključno je prepoznati žrtvu na osnovu promjene ponašanja ili nekih fizičkih oznaka te reagirati što prije. Svaka škola stoga treba imati stručnu pomoć u obliku psihologa koja bi stalno trebala biti dostupna učenicima bez obzira na stupanj potrebe.

 

   Riječ je o ponašanju koje se ponavlja s namjerom zastrašivanja ili sramoćenja osobe. Kao primjere ove vrste zlostavljanja možemo navesti :

  • širenje laži ili objavljivanje fotografija koje za cilj ima osramotiti nekoga na društvenim mrežama,
  • slanje povrjeđujućih poruka ili prijetnji putem platformi za dopisivanje,
  • lažno predstavljanje i slanje neugodnih poruka u ime druge osobe

Kod online nasilja čovjek se može osjećati kao da nigdje nije siguran, čak ni u vlastitom domu. Posljedice mogu biti dugotrajne i različite :

  • mentalne - osoba se može osjećati uzrujano, glupo čak i ljuto
  • emocionalne - osoba se može osjećati osramoćeno i izgubiti interes za ono što voli
  • fizičke - umor, nesanica, bol u trbuhu, glavobolje

Prema nekim istraživanjima čak 25 posto djece i adolescenata u Hrvatskoj je bilo žrtvom cyberbullyinga. Mrežna krađa identiteta (phishing), slanje SMS poruka erotskog sadržaja (sexting), mamljenje djece radi seksualnih potreba (grooming) te online uznemiravanja na forumu, chatu ili blogu (trolling) samo su neki od oblika internetskog nasilja kojima su izloženi maloljetnici. Stoga je u Hrvatskoj UNICEF organizirao kampanju „Prekini lanac“ s udrugom Hrabri Telefon s ciljem sprječavanja zlostavljanja putem mobitela i interneta. Na liniji trenutno volontira 70 posebno educiranih volontera, studenata viših godina psihologije, socijalnog rada i socijalne pedagogije.

Virtualno zlostavljanje u svijetu je jako rašireno i zavisno o državi i juristikciji, ima različite tretmane u zakonu i društvu. Primjerice, u anglofonskim zemljama svijeta (Australiji, Kanadi, Novom Zelandu SAD-u i Velikoj Britaniji) postoji cijeli skup zakona koji se odnose na virtualno zlostavljanje i u mnogim tim zemljama virtualno zlostavljanje je kodirano u kriminalnim zakonicima kao posebno kazneno djelo.

Svaka društvena mreža nudi različite alate (niže su linkovi) koji mogu pomoći u zaštiti privatnosti i prijavi nasilja. Mnogo od njih uključuju jednostavne korake kojima možete blokirati ili prijaviti cyberbullying. Pozivamo te da ih istražiš. Društvene mreže imaju i edukativne alate i vodiče za djecu, roditelje i učitelje koji osiguravaju informacije o tome kako biti siguran online. Ako osjećaš zabrinutost ili doživljavaš cyberbullying, svakako se obrati odrasloj osobi od povjerenja ili potraži podršku na https://hrabritelefon.hr

 

English version / Verzija na engleskom

Cyberbullying is a new form of systematic violence that is a “social problem” and is a subject and concern of several disciplinary fields, besides being portrayed by some authors as a public health issue. The different configurations of cyberbullying can be recognized as acts of psychological and systematic violence against children and adolescents perpetrated in the ambiances of digital sociability networks and can occur at any time and without a circumscribed and physically demarcated space. The goal of cyberbullying is to hurt, harass or otherwise harm a particular person but sometimes it turns into illegal and criminal behavior. The content of publications of this nature can leave an indelible digital mark that becomes accessible to everyone. Among the authors who perceive cyberbullying as a variation of bullying, some advocate the relevance of contextualizing digital violence and its expression in aggressive behaviors.

 

According to Unicef: Cyberbullying is bullying with the use of digital technologies. It can take place on social media, messaging platforms, gaming platforms and mobile phones. It is repeated behaviour, aimed at scaring, angering or shaming those who are targeted. Examples include:

  • Spreading lies about or posting embarrassing photos of someone on social media.
  • Sending hurtful messages or threats via messaging platforms.
  • Impersonating someone and sending mean messages to others on their behalf. 

Face-to-face bullying and cyberbullying can often happen alongside each other. But cyberbullying leaves a digital footprint – a record that can prove useful and provide evidence to help stop the abuse. (Unicef.org) Some of the effects that cyberbullying can provoke in its victims are embarrassed and upset feelings (mentally damage), losing interest in things that they use to like or feeling ashamed (emotionally damage), also the feel tired, headaches and other physical pain (physically damage).

 

Sometimes it’s difficult to distinguish a joke from bullying. The main aspect is in the feelings of the person affected, that is, if they feel hurt or not. And when the bullying takes place online, it can come from strangers. Wherever it may happen, if you are not happy about it, you should not have to stand for it. It is very important to notice that if you feel bad and it doesn’t stop, then it’s worth getting help. If you think you’re being bullied, the first step is to seek help from someone you trust such as your parents, a close family member or another trusted adult. In your school you can reach out to a counsellor, the sports coach or your favourite teacher. And if you are not comfortable talking to someone you know, search for a helpline in your country to talk to a professional counsellor.

Finally, anyone can become a victim of cyberbullying. For example, in Madrid the ANAR foundation (helps children and adolescents at risk) and the Mutua Madrileña foundation recently conducted a study based on the analysis of the database of calls to the ANAR Telephone and concluded thatcyberbullying already represents one of each four cases of bullying. And that this proportion increases with age, so that from the age of 13, 36.5% of bullying cases (more than one in three) are due to cyberbullying. Another striking conclusion is that 70% of cyberbullying victims are girls. In light of these data, the ANAR and Mutua Madrileña foundations consider it essential to adopt a Unified Action Protocol for the whole of Spain, which contemplates the measures to be taken by School Centers. (Anar.org)

In Croatia, UNICEF organized the "Break the Chain" campaign with the Brave Phone association with the aim of preventing abuse via mobile phones and the Internet. 70 specially trained volunteers, senior students of psychology, social work and social pedagogy are volunteering on the line. Virtual abuse is very widespread in the world and depending on the state and jurisdiction, it has different treatments in law and society. For example, in the Anglophone countries of the world (Australia, Canada, New Zealand USA and the UK) there is a whole set of laws relating to virtual abuse and in many of these countries virtual abuse is coded in criminal codes as a separate criminal offense.

Each social network offers different tools (links below) that can help protect privacy and report violence. Many of these include simple steps by which you can block or report cyberbullying. We invite you to explore them. Social networks also have educational tools and guides for children, parents and teachers that provide information on how to be safe online. If you feel worried or experiencing cyberbullying, be sure to contact a trusted adult or seek support at https://hrabritelefon.hr

 

Links on which abuse can be reported on social media:

 

https://www.facebook.com/help/1380418588640631
https://help.instagram.com/165828726894770/
https://support.snapchat.com/en-US/i-need-help
https://help.twitter.com/en/safety-and-security/report-abusive-behavior
https://faq.whatsapp.com/general/security-and-privacy/staying-safe-on-whatsapp
https://www.youtube.com/howyoutubeworks/policies/community-guidelines/#reporting-and-enforcement 

Below you can watch videos related to this topic:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=adV0rxAdJV8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hCcT1BaWGqk

Sources:

https://www.unicef.org/croatia/price/cyberbullying-kako-ga-sprije%C4%8Diti
https://hr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtualno_zlostavljanje
https://dnevnik.hr/vijesti/hrvatska/cyberbullying-25-posto-djece-u-hrvatskoj-zlostavljano-preko-interneta---419824.html
https://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S1413-81232018001003369&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/cyberbullying,
https://www.anar.org/estudio-ciberbullying/

 

Linkovi na kojima se može prijaviti zlostavljanje na društvenim medijima:

https://www.facebook.com/help/1380418588640631
https://help.instagram.com/165828726894770/
https://support.snapchat.com/en-US/i-need-help
https://help.twitter.com/en/safety-and-security/report-abusive-behavior
https://faq.whatsapp.com/general/security-and-privacy/staying-safe-on-whatsapp
https://www.youtube.com/howyoutubeworks/policies/community-guidelines/#reporting-and-enforcement 

 

U nastavku možete pogledati videe vezane za ovu temu:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=adV0rxAdJV8
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hCcT1BaWGqk

 

Izvori:

https://www.unicef.org/croatia/price/cyberbullying-kako-ga-sprije%C4%8Diti
https://hr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtualno_zlostavljanje
https://dnevnik.hr/vijesti/hrvatska/cyberbullying-25-posto-djece-u-hrvatskoj-zlostavljano-preko-interneta---419824.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

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