WHAT IS GENDER BASED VIOLENCE?
Gender-based violence is about gender inequality, it is violence directed against a person because of their gender. Gender based violence is experience by both men and women but the majority of victims are women and girls. Here we are not only talking about violence against women, but about the impact of power inequalities between women and men. Reflecting so the disproportion between crimes against women and crimes against men.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENTS FORMS OF GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE?
The different forms of gender based violence, from intimate partner violence to online spaces. This is a non-exclusive list and those examples can be happening simultaneously. We identify four key forms of violence: physical, sexual, psychological and economic.
- Physical violence
Any act, which causes physical harm, is considered physical violence. It can take the form of serious and minor assault, deprivation of liberty and manslaughter. To physically abuse someone is to use force to control over another person.
- Sexual violence
Any sexual act performed on an individual without their consent. Sexual violence can take the form of rape or sexual assault. It can be occurred in between strangers but also in between a couple.
- Psychological violence
Any act which causes psychological harm to an individual. Psychological violence can take the form of coercion, defamation, verbal insult or harassment.
- Economic violence
Any act or behavior, which causes economic harm to an individual. Economic violence can take the form of, for example, property damage, restricting access to financial resources, education or labor market.
We have also to imphase on the fact that gender-based violence can be normalized and reproduced due to structural inequalities, such as social norms, attitudes and stereotypes around gender and violence against woman specifically.
For example throughout psychological violence, coercion is a violence who is institute by all the society by spreading stereotypes. Coercion is to compel someone by giving ideas or repeated facts as speech of truth, formatting this person to accept those facts as absolute truth. So when you are telling your daughter or nephew how she should behave or dress in a rightful or non-rightful way you are trying to compel her judgment under the truth of what you think she should be, and what society think she should be. To give a more precise example, by telling someone that she is too much undress, for example, you are putting her body in the position of an object. Which people are looking and only that reality, so implying that she as to please the ones who are looking at it and not herself.
Its like the pre-established facts about the difference between men and women is that men have more physical abilities. Which sometimes lead to the conclusion that women cannot be stronger than men. Making excuses for some person to format youngsters to not speak out when a man is talking badly to you, by scares of what can come next, violence. Making women pre-established victims for decades. Increasing the superior feeling of some men.